As a preliminary study for a proposal to a funded research project, this demo was created to allow easy illustration and sharing of ideas among collaborators. Thus, we have quickly crafted two basic interactive maps here for demonstrative and discussion purposes.

The first map aims to add a spatial understanding of the current distribution and concentration of the Chinese temples in Singapore. This is supplemented by overlaying the the various planning areas and subzones which Singapore is sub-divided into for planning purposes.

The second map aims to add a temporal understanding of a selection of some of these Chinese temples that has since relocated multiple times across the years. An overlay of historical Singapore maps from the Department of Geography's GIS-SI efforts provides additional spatial context during the era of relocation faced by each Chinese temple.

GIS Data Assembly Efforts

Across the years, the team has accumulated various data of Chinese temples in Singapore across multiple spreadsheets and documents. This includes the temples' respective origins, locations, celebrations, deities, etc. In order to synergise it with additional spatial and temporal dimensions, we started to engage researchers to assist in assembling the various sources into relational tables of a better schema design suited for GIS use. Here is the current count of data we have gathered at this early stage.


temples recorded


locations mapped


festivals observed


relocations documented

Spatial Distribution of Chinese Temples

To keep the map light on the web, we used a random sample of the data to map out the distribution of the location of Chinese temples in Singapore. In addition to the heatmap, we added an overlay of the 55 Planning Areas from the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore. From the map, there is an obvious concentration of Chinese temples in the Geylang area.

If the above map isn't working, please kindly notify us.

Historical Relocations of Chinese Temples

We are interested to find out the history of every Chinese temples in Singapore. We have been gathering information regarding each temple's original location, the year it takes root in Singapore and the various sites that it has been relocated to before its current premises. In this simple demo, we take a quick look at the history of relocation for 12 different temples in today's 4 different united temples. An old map from the respective decades, whenever available, are used as a basemap to provide a better historical context.

Drag the time slider(or use Left/Right arrow keys) through 1910s to 1990s to visualise the relocation history of these temples.

If the above map isn't working, please kindly notify us.

The Team

This nature of this research project is an inter-disciplinary and collaborative one involving members across different departments and entities. The following is a preliminary list of members who participated in the making of this demo at this early stage. Full details of the team will be updated here soon!

Kenneth DEAN


Professor & Head of the Department of Chinese Studies

Research interests include Daoist studies, Chinese popular religion, popular culture and Chinese literature

HUE Guan Thye

Research Fellow

Lecturer & Specialist on Traditional Chinese Religion in Singapore

Research interests include the Philosophy of Buddhism, Chinese folk religion, Singapore Chinese temples, Chinese Culture, and the Chinese in Singapore and Malaysia

WANG Yi-Chen


Associate Professor & Vice-Chair of Undergraduate Studies Committee

Research interests include Biogeography, Landscape ecology, Spatial epidemiology, GIS and remote sensing applications

FENG Chen-Chieh


Associate Professor & Director of MSc in Applied GIS

Research interests include GIScience, Data modeling, Ontology and Spatial epidemiology

William CHONG


Research Assistant & MA Candidate

Research interests include Buddhist Studies

Raymond HUANG


GIS Manager & Geospatial Advocate

Executive Staff